White-tailed deer, doe (Odocoilius virginianus), Everglades October 1986
By the curve in the bridge of its snout, I recognize this as an older doe. I realize that you will not find this as a diagnostic characteristic for general white-tailed aging in any wildlife journal or that any other wildlife biologist will necessarily agree with my observation. But I do know it to be true by having aged scores of deer.
This deer is old enough that it is probably the matriarch of a group of deer. Males or bucks tend to become loners once they reach sexual maturity. So that when you see a group of deer it is a mixture of immature males and females of all ages, and the oldest doe is the leader....the matriach.
doematriarchevergladeswhitetailed deerruminantungulategame speciescervidae